Genital Warts: Causes And Detection
Genital warts, as its name suggest, are warts that can be found in areas near the human genitals. In the males, it is located near or on the scrotum, anus, or penis. In the case of females, genital warts can be found near the vagina, vulva, anus, or cervix. Warts looks like bumps or growths and they can be raised or flat, large or small, and many or single. The colors of genital warts are usually flesh colored or whitish. Genital warts are not easy noticeable by the naked eye and most of the time, a person with genital warts does not even know that they have one.
What Causes Genital warts?
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a group of viruses that are usually responsible for causing genital warts. There are many types of warts HPV. Warts on feet and hands are common in some people. The kinds of warts HPV that can be seen in hands or feet and the genital warts differ from each other.
Around 40 types of HPV cause genital warts in humans. Genital warts can be passed from one person to another through intimate sexual contact such as oral sex, anal sex or vaginal sex. There are also rare cases of mothers transferring their warts disease on their babies during childbirth. HPV diseases are more common among young adults and teens. The number of sexual partners an individual has can increase the risk of acquiring the infection.
Signs And Symptoms
Most of warts symptoms is not clearly visible or have no signs at all. Therefore, a person can transfer it to another person without his or her knowledge that he or she already has a HPV infection. However, there are also warts that are visible under the naked eye. Many people do not know that they have already acquired genital warts because there is no clear evidence or symptoms to manifest their conditions. Genital warts do not usually itch so most people are unaware of their existence.
Doctors with the help of their magnifying glass and special solutions can help detect warts when they examine it closely. When diagnosing HPV infection, there are tests that are done such as the Pap smear test in order to be fully sure if you have one. Most experts believe that warts are more contagious when they are visible but do not mean that less visible warts cannot be spread. Having regular check-ups to be sure of your health is very important to avoid spreading the infections or making it more severe.
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