Certain parts of a teenager’s system tends to get accumulated with wax-like substances recognized as cholesterol that promotes the formation of vitamin D in walls of the cell membranes as well as some hormones. The cholesterol occurs in the blood from due two reasons via food and liver. However, the liver synthesizes cholesterol adequately to restore its normal function.
The cholesterol is circulated to different organs in the system through blood. Normally, the cholesterol is circulated in the form of small oval sized particles called as lipoproteins. The lipoproteins in the body are of two varieties mainly Low Density Lipoproteins (LDL) or unhealthy fats and high density lipoproteins (HDL) or healthy fats. Sometimes the low density lipoproteins are usually called as bad cholesterol as it promotes the plaque formation in the arteries as in atherosclerosis. Hence, the serum LDL levels should be low and it should be subsequently decreased if the LDL levels are elevated. It is important to attain a healthy weight by performing physical exercises regularly. LDL rich foods like saturated fats, trans-fats, high calorie foods and bad cholesterol items should be avoided.
Healthy Cholesterol is Good Cholesterol
High density lipoprotein or healthy cholesterol is popularly known as good cholesterol. It is an essential fat as it promotes the breakdown of bad cholesterol and eliminates it from the body. In addition, it prevents the clog formation in the arteries and hence it is more beneficial to consume more quantity of HDL food sources. The HDL levels can be increased by leading an active lifestyle, losing weight, and by avoiding foods containing saturated fat. Few complicated cases often require HDL improving medications as it is less likely to increase HDL levels and can best respond to therapy.
The serum cholesterol and fat levels can be determined by cholesterol screening tests. Although kids and young adults in the past had normal cholesterol levels, however today they are least likely to have normal cholesterol levels due to exposure to junk foods and unhealthy lifestyle. They are more likely to suffer from heart diseases that involve major heart vessels and coronary arteries due to increased cholesterol levels. The main predisposing factor is overweight, high calorie food, fast foods, low level of activity, and family history. Hypertension and coronary artery diseases can be prevented by maintaining normal cholesterol levels.
The level of blood cholesterol differs from person to person. Normal LDL levels should be less than 130 mg while the normal HDL should be more than 35 mg and if HDL level is below normal, then the youngster is more likely to develop heart disease. On the other hand, an elevated level of LDL is fatal although more common among American citizens. The increased levels of LDL are anticipated in person with a high cholesterol levels in the family history.
The cholesterol screening is necessary for young adults and children from 2 years of age if their parent has high serum cholesterol levels or in case of family history associated with heart disease at young age. Obese adults should undergo cholesterol as well as lipid test in order to determine the different types of fats in the body like LDL, HDL and triglycerides.