Information You Need To Know About Cholera
You must have heard about cholera diseases in the third-world countries due to the poor sanitation and crowding in over-populated countries. This disease can be fatal if not treated right away. Asia, India, Africa, Mexico and South and Central America are some of the countries wherein rampant cases of cholera happened. If you are planning a trip to any of these areas soon, you should be aware of cholera, its causes and how to get treatment if you are infected.
Causes Of Cholera
Cholera happens when the small intestine is infected by the bacterium called Vibrio Cholerae. This bacterium is responsible for the increased release of water from the cells in the small intestine, which causes watery bacteria. Cholera is very common in places where there is famine, war, crowding and poor sanitation. You can get cholera by drinking water or eating food that is contaminated with the bacteria. Also, this bacterium is associated with raw oysters and shellfish. You are at risk of cholera if you are always exposed to untreated water and if you live or frequently travel to areas where there is a cholera outbreak.
How will you know if you have cholera? One of the most common symptoms is a watery and runny diarrhea that happens suddenly. The diarrhea has a fishy odor to it. Other symptoms include abdominal cramps, dry skin, excessive thirst, dry mouth, nausea, rapid dehydration, vomiting, low urine output, rapid pulse, and lethargy. Symptoms of cholera can range from mild to severe.
To test if you have cholera, you need to go to the doctor and undergo tests. Stool culture, gram stain and blood culture are the best tests to determine if you suffer from cholera.
The treatment for cholera is about replacing the lost fluid in the body, which was flushed along with the diarrhea. The doctor will replace the electrolytes in the body through oral fluids and intravenous fluids. Antibiotics will be given to reduce the infection.