The Silent Disease Called Chlamydia
Chlamydia is known as the silent disease. This bacterial infection can be obtained through sexual relations. Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted disease and in the U.S., over 2.8 million people are affected every year. 5% of the total U.S. population has Chlamydia while 10% of adolescent females are infected with it.
The Commonly Infected
Individuals that are promiscuous and lax in performing safe sex are prone to getting Chlamydia. Young adults, those 24 years of age and younger are commonly infected. People living in the urban areas who like the party and social scene are commonly infected. People with lower economic status are commonly infected as well as African Americans.
How Do You Know If You Have Chlamydia?
Why is it called a silent disease? It is because people who are infected can have no symptoms at all. The symptoms can only appear after 1-3 weeks of being infected. In women, the bacteria infect the cervix and the urine canal called urethra. Common symptoms of women infected with Chlamydia include abnormal vaginal discharge and a burning feeling with urinating. The infection can spread to the fallopian tubes and still, symptoms can be invisible. Some women experience pain in the lower back and abdomen. They experience fever, nausea, pain during sexual intercourse, and bleeding in between menstruation. Chlamydia infection in women can spread to the rectum as well.
In men, the common symptom of Chlamydia is a discharge from the penis and a burning feeling when urinating. Other symptoms include burning and itching around the penis. Pain and swelling of the testicles are symptoms too.
People who engage in anal intercourse are susceptible to Chlamydia infection too. Rectal infection is characterized by discharge, pain and bleeding. Chlamydia can also be obtained through oral sex and will infect the throat. Thus safe sex should be practiced at all times.